Ukraine Product

Diclotol Tablets

Diclotol Tablets

Why you have been prescribed this medicine?

You have been prescribed this medicine if you have any of the following:
Symptomatic treatment of pain syndrome and inflammation at osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and other diseases of the musculoskeletal system accompanied by pain (namely, scapulohumeral periarthritis and extra-articular rheumatism).
As analgesic agent in states accompanied by pain (including back pain, toothache, and primary (functional) dysmenorrhea).

When you should consult your doctor?

You should consult your doctor if you experience any of the following:
The most common adverse reactions in clinical trials were gastrointestinal tract reactions (dyspepsia 7,5%, stomach pain 6,2%, nausea 1,5%, diarrhea 1,5%), in isolated cases dizziness had place. In addition, there are registered complaints of skin reaction, including itching and rash, along with liver enzymes figures abnormalities. Clinical trials and epidemiologic evidence prove that administration of some NSAIDs (especially, long-term intake of high doses) may result in increased risk of arterial thrombotic events (namely, myocardial infarct and insult).

SOCMedDRa

Common
>1/100,
<1/10

Uncommon
>1/1000, <1/100

 
Rare
>1/10000, <1/1000

Very rare / occasionally <1/10000

Haemopoiesis and lymphatic system disorders

 

 

Anemia

Granulocytopenia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, hemolytic anemia

Immune system disorders

 

 

Anaphylactoid reactions (including shock), hypersensitivity

 

Metabolic and nutritional disorders

 

 

 

Hyperpotassemia

Psychiatric disorders

 

 

 

Depression, unusual dreams, insomnia

Central nervous system disorders

Dizziness

 

 

Paresthesia, tremor, somnolence, headache, dysgeusia (taste impairments)

Vision disorders

 

 

Vision impairments

 

Ear and labyrinth disorders

 

 

 

Vertigo, tinnitus

Heart disorders

 

 

Arterial hypertension, complicated arterial hypertension, heart failure

Palpitation

Vascular disorders

 

 

 

Hyperemia, flush, vasculitis

Respiratory system and mediastinal disorders

 

 

Wheeze

Bronchospasm, stridor

Gastrointestinal tract disorders

Dyspepsia, stomach pain, nausea, diarrhea

Flatulence, gastritis, constipation, vomiting, oral cavity ulcers

Melena (including hemorrhagic diarrhea), ulcers in part of gastrointestinal tract, gastrointestinal bleedings

 

                      
Hepatobiliary system disorders

 

 

Hepatitis

 

Skin disorders

 

Itching, exanthema, dermatitis, urticaria

Facial edema

Hemorrhagic rash, eczema, severe skin and mucous membranes reactions

Kidneys and urinary system disorders

 

 

 

Nephrotic syndrome, renal failure

General disorders and local reactions

 

 

 

Edema, increased fatigability, foot muscles convulsions

Laboratory examinations results

Liver enzymes increasing

Increase of urea and creatinine blood levels

 

Alkaline phosphatase level increase, body weight increase



WHAT TO DO IF YOU MISS A DOSE?

If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to. Otherwise take it as soon as you remember and then go back to taking it as you would normally.

Things you MUST NOT DO while on this medicine?

Other analgesic agents including selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors. It is necessary to avoid concomitant use of two or more NSAIDs (including acetylsalicylic acid) since it can lead to increased adverse reactions risk.
Antihypertensive agents. Antihypertensive effect decrease.
Diuretics. Decrease of diuretic effect. Diuretics may increase nephrotoxicity risk at NSAIDs administration. Despite the absence of bendrofluazide effect on arterial blood pressure, interaction with other diuretics should not be excluded. At concomitant use with potassium-sparing diuretics, it is required to control serum potassium level. Cardiac glycosides. NSAIDs may exacerbate heart failure, reduce glomerular filtration rate, and increase serum glycosides levels.
Lithium drugs. May cause decreased lithium elimination.
Methotrexate. Decreased methotrexate elimination. Special precautions should be taken in case the interval between NSAIDs and methotrexate administration is less than 24 hours since NSAIDs may contribute to serum methotrexate levels increasing, thus causing higher toxicity.
Cyclosporine. Nephrotoxicity risk is increased.
Mifepristone. NSAIDs should not be administered within 8 – 12 days upon mifepristone intake since mifepristone effect can be decreased. Corticosteroids. Ulcer and gastrointestinal bleedings risk is increased.
Anticoagulating agents. NSAIDs may increase anticoagulant effect of warfarin. Patients with combined therapy of anticoagulants and Diclotol® should have meticulous control of their state.
Quinolone antibacterial drugs. Animal experiments tests show that NSAIDs may increase risk of convulsions caused by quinolone antibacterial drugs use. Patients administering NSAIDs and quinolones may have increased risk of convulsions development.
Antiplatelet drugs and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI). Increased risk of gastrointestinal bleedings.
Tacrolimus. Concomitant use of NSAIDs and tacrolimus may result in nephrotoxicity risk increase.
Zidovudine. When used concomitantly with NSAIDs may cause higher risk of hematological toxicity. There are proven facts of hemarthrosis and hematomas risks growth in AIDS patients with hemophilia at concomitant use of zidovudine and ibuprofen. Antidiabetic drugs. It is discovered that diclofenac used concomitantly with oral antidiabetic drugs may influence their clinical efficacy. Yet, there are some reports of hypoglycemic and hyperglycemic effects. Thus, indication of Diclotol® requires adjustment of hypoglycemic agents dose.
Other NSAIDs. Concomitant use with acetylsalicylic acid or other NSAIDs may result in higher frequency of undesirable adverse reactions, including gastrointestinal bleedings risk increase.

What to do if you accidentally take too much (overdose) of the medicine?

Symptoms:
Symptoms include headache, nausea, vomiting, upper abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleedings and irritation, in rare cases – diarrhea, disorientation, exaltation, coma, somnolence, vertigo, tinnitus, arterial hypotension, respiratory failure, unconsciousness, in isolated cases – convulsions. Severe toxication may cause acute renal failure and liver damage.

Methods of treatment
Patients should receive symptomatic treatment if necessary. Activated carbon intake is recommended within one hour after swallowing of potentially toxic drug quantity. Alternatively, adults should undergo gastric lavage within one hour after life-threatening overdose. Such specific therapeutical measures as dialysis or hemoperfusion will most probably be ineffective in NSAIDs elimination due to their high protein-binding ability and extensive metabolism.
Sufficient diuresis ensuring is necessary.
Meticulous monitoring of kidneys and liver functions is required.
Patients should be observed at least for 4 hours after swallowing of potentially toxic drug quantity. In case frequent and continuous convulsions occur, patient should have intravenous diazepam introduction.
Other methods are determined by physical condition of the patient.
Generally, acute NSAIDs intoxication treatment includes maintenance and symptomatic therapy.

Is it safe in pregnancy and breast-feeding?

Tell your doctor immediately if you become pregnant while taking this medication. For safety of any drug during pregnancy or breastfeeding – please consult your doctor.

Storage Conditions:

Store in a dry, protected from light place at a temperature not more than 25° C.
Keep it out of reach of children.

Drug Description

COMPOSITION:

Active substance:
Aceclofenac;
1 tablet contains 100 mg of aceclofenac;

excipients:
Microcrystalline cellulose, croscarmellose sodium, anhydrous colloidal silicium dioxide, stearic acid, Opadry-YS-1-7027 white (hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, titanium dioxide (E 171), triacetin).

Indications and dosage.

INDICATIONS:
Symptomatic treatment of pain syndrome and inflammation at osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and other diseases of the musculoskeletal system accompanied by pain (namely, scapulohumeral periarthritis and extra-articular rheumatism).
As analgesic agent in states accompanied by pain (including back pain, toothache, and primary (functional) dysmenorrhea). .

DOSAGE:
Undesirable effects can be minimized by administering the drug during the shortest possible period necessary for symptoms control.
Diclotol® film coated tablets should be administered orally with at least ½ glass of liquid. Diclotol® can be taken with food.
Adults
Maximum recommended dose is 200 mg per day split in two intakes of 100 mg (one tablet in the morning and one in the evening).

Elderly patients
Generally, dose adjustment is not required.

Liver failure
Patients with mild or moderate liver failure should have lower doses of aceclofenac. Recommended initial dose is 100 mg per day.

Renal failure
There is no information as for necessary adjustment of aceclofenac dose for patients with renal failure, yet, this group of patients should administer the drug carefully.

Side effects and drug interactions.

ADVERSE REACTIONS:

The most common adverse reactions in clinical trials were gastrointestinal tract reactions (dyspepsia 7,5%, stomach pain 6,2%, nausea 1,5%, diarrhea 1,5%), in isolated cases dizziness had place. In addition, there are registered complaints of skin reaction, including itching and rash, along with liver enzymes figures abnormalities. Clinical trials and epidemiologic evidence prove that administration of some NSAIDs (especially, long-term intake of high doses) may result in increased risk of arterial thrombotic events (namely, myocardial infarct and insult).

SOCMedDRa

Common
>1/100,
<1/10

Uncommon
>1/1000, <1/100

 
Rare
>1/10000, <1/1000

Very rare / occasionally <1/10000

Haemopoiesis and lymphatic system disorders

 

 

Anemia

Granulocytopenia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, hemolytic anemia

Immune system disorders

 

 

Anaphylactoid reactions (including shock), hypersensitivity

 

Metabolic and nutritional disorders

 

 

 

Hyperpotassemia

Psychiatric disorders

 

 

 

Depression, unusual dreams, insomnia

Central nervous system disorders

Dizziness

 

 

Paresthesia, tremor, somnolence, headache, dysgeusia (taste impairments)

Vision disorders

 

 

Vision impairments

 

Ear and labyrinth disorders

 

 

 

Vertigo, tinnitus

Heart disorders

 

 

Arterial hypertension, complicated arterial hypertension, heart failure

Palpitation

Vascular disorders

 

 

 

Hyperemia, flush, vasculitis

Respiratory system and mediastinal disorders

 

 

Wheeze

Bronchospasm, stridor

Gastrointestinal tract disorders

Dyspepsia, stomach pain, nausea, diarrhea

Flatulence, gastritis, constipation, vomiting, oral cavity ulcers

Melena (including hemorrhagic diarrhea), ulcers in part of gastrointestinal tract, gastrointestinal bleedings

 

                      
Hepatobiliary system disorders

 

 

Hepatitis

 

Skin disorders

 

Itching, exanthema, dermatitis, urticaria

Facial edema

Hemorrhagic rash, eczema, severe skin and mucous membranes reactions

Kidneys and urinary system disorders

 

 

 

Nephrotic syndrome, renal failure

General disorders and local reactions

 

 

 

Edema, increased fatigability, foot muscles convulsions

Laboratory examinations results

Liver enzymes increasing

Increase of urea and creatinine blood levels

 

Alkaline phosphatase level increase, body weight increase



Drug interactions:
Other analgesic agents including selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors. It is necessary to avoid concomitant use of two or more NSAIDs (including acetylsalicylic acid) since it can lead to increased adverse reactions risk.
Antihypertensive agents. Antihypertensive effect decrease.
Diuretics. Decrease of diuretic effect. Diuretics may increase nephrotoxicity risk at NSAIDs administration. Despite the absence of bendrofluazide effect on arterial blood pressure, interaction with other diuretics should not be excluded. At concomitant use with potassium-sparing diuretics, it is required to control serum potassium level. Cardiac glycosides. NSAIDs may exacerbate heart failure, reduce glomerular filtration rate, and increase serum glycosides levels.
Lithium drugs. May cause decreased lithium elimination.
Methotrexate. Decreased methotrexate elimination. Special precautions should be taken in case the interval between NSAIDs and methotrexate administration is less than 24 hours since NSAIDs may contribute to serum methotrexate levels increasing, thus causing higher toxicity.
Cyclosporine. Nephrotoxicity risk is increased.
Mifepristone. NSAIDs should not be administered within 8 – 12 days upon mifepristone intake since mifepristone effect can be decreased.
Corticosteroids. Ulcer and gastrointestinal bleedings risk is increased.
Anticoagulating agents. NSAIDs may increase anticoagulant effect of warfarin. Patients with combined therapy of anticoagulants and Diclotol® should have meticulous control of their state.
Quinolone antibacterial drugs. Animal experiments tests show that NSAIDs may increase risk of convulsions caused by quinolone antibacterial drugs use. Patients administering NSAIDs and quinolones may have increased risk of convulsions development.
Antiplatelet drugs and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI). Increased risk of gastrointestinal bleedings.
Tacrolimus. Concomitant use of NSAIDs and tacrolimus may result in nephrotoxicity risk increase.
Zidovudine. When used concomitantly with NSAIDs may cause higher risk of hematological toxicity. There are proven facts of hemarthrosis and hematomas risks growth in AIDS patients with hemophilia at concomitant use of zidovudine and ibuprofen.
Antidiabetic drugs. It is discovered that diclofenac used concomitantly with oral antidiabetic drugs may influence their clinical efficacy. Yet, there are some reports of hypoglycemic and hyperglycemic effects. Thus, indication of Diclotol® requires adjustment of hypoglycemic agents dose.
Other NSAIDs. Concomitant use with acetylsalicylic acid or other NSAIDs may result in higher frequency of undesirable adverse reactions, including gastrointestinal bleedings risk increase.

Warnings and precautions

Pregnancy and lactation:
Pregnancy There is no clinical data concerning aceclofenac administration in pregnant women. Prostaglandin synthesis inhibition may have negative effect on pregnancy and/or embryo / fetus development. Epidemiological studies provide evidence of increasing recurrent pregnancy loss risk, along with heart defects and gastroschisis development at prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors use in early pregnancy. Absolute risk of cardiovascular disorders increases from less than 1% to about 1,5%. Risk grows in proportion to dose increase and therapy duration. Prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors use in animals resulted in increased pre- and post-implantation losses and deaths of embryo. Besides, there was a rise in frequency of congenital disorders, including cardiovascular ones, in animals after prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors use in organogenetic period of pregnancy. Administration of Diclotol® in the I – II pregnancy trimesters is recommended only in case of evident necessity. Pregnancy planning women or pregnant women in the I – II trimesters should administer the lowest doses of Diclotol® and have the shortest possible therapy duration.
Administration of any prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors in the III trimester may influence fetus in the following ways:
- cardiopulmonary toxicity (premature ductus arteriosus closure and pulmonary hypertension);
- renal functions worsening that can result in renal failure with oligohydramnios signs).
At the end of the pregnancy, pregnant woman and fetus can be affected in the following ways:
- possible bleeding time increasing, platelet aggregation decreasing, even with the lowest drug doses;
- uterine contractility inhibition leading to prolonged labor.
Diclotol® is contraindicated in the III trimester.
Breastfeeding period
Limited number of sources proves that NSAIDs are detected in breast milk at very low concentrations. It is recommended to consider avoiding NSAIDs administration while breastfeeding.
Diclotol® should not be used during pregnancy and breastfeeding, unless benefits for mother exceed potential risks for fetus / baby.

Children:
Diclotol® is contraindicated in children.

Overdosage and Contraindications

Overdose:
Symptoms
Symptoms include headache, nausea, vomiting, upper abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleedings and irritation, in rare cases – diarrhea, disorientation, exaltation, coma, somnolence, vertigo, tinnitus, arterial hypotension, respiratory failure, unconsciousness, in isolated cases – convulsions. Severe toxication may cause acute renal failure and liver damage. .

Ability to influence reaction velocity while driving or operating any other mechanisms.
Patients should avoid driving cars and operating other mechanisms in case of vertigo, increased fatigability, and other central nervous system disorders occurrence upon NSAIDs administration.

You should consult your doctor if you experience any of the following:
- Hypersensitivity to aceclofenac or any drug excipients.
- Anamnesis information as for ability of acetylsalicylic acid and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to cause asthmatic attacks, bronchospasms, acute rhinitis episodes, and allergic rashes; hypersensitivity to such drugs.
- Gastric or duodenal ulcer in acute phase or in anamnesis, or a suspected one, gastrointestinal bleeding, other existing bleedings or impaired coagulation.
- Severe heart failure or severe kidneys and liver functions disorders.

Clinical pharmacology.

PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES:

Pharmacodynamics.
Aceclofenac is non-steroid drug causing anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Mechanism of action is associated with prostaglandin synthesis inhibition.
Pharmacokinetics. Absorption. Upon oral intake, aceclofenac is rapidly absorbed, its biological availability equals almost 100%. Maximum serum concentration is reached in about 1,25 – 3 hours after intake. Maximum concentration time (Tmax) is reduced at concomitant use with food, while it does not influence absorption rate.
Distribution. Aceclofenac is significantly bound to serum proteins (>99,7%). Aceclofenac penetrates into synovial fluid where its concentration corresponds to about 60% of serum concentration. Volume of distribution is close to 30 liters.
Elimination. Mean elimination half-life is 4 – 4,3 hours. Clearance is 5 liters per hour. About two-thirds of the administered dose are eliminated via urine, mostly as conjugated hydroxymetabolites. Only 1% of single dose is eliminated unchanged. Aceclofenac is probably metabolized by CYP2C9 into basic metabolite 4-ОН-aceclofenac with insignificant clinical effect. Diclofenac and 4-ОН-diclofenac were detected among many other metabolites.
Special groups of patients. Elderly patients did not have changes in aceclofenac pharmacokinetics. Patients with decreased liver function noticed slower aceclofenac elimination upon single dose intake. Number of clinical trials with multiple daily intakes of 100 mg showed no difference in pharmacokinetic characteristics between patients with mild and moderate cirrhosis and healthy volunteers. Likewise, patients with mild and moderate renal failure did not have any clinically significant differences in pharmacokinetics upon single dose intake.

PHARMACEUTICAL CHARACTERISTICS:
General physic-chemical properties: round biconvex white film coated tablets.

Shelf-life:
2 years.

Storage:
Store at the temperature not more than 25°С in dry place. Protect from direct sunlight. Keep out of reach of children.

Package:
10 tablets in blister, 3 or 10 blisters in carton pack № 30 (10 × 3) or № 100 (10 × 10).
14 tablets in blister, 2 blisters in carton pack № 28 (14 × 2).

Conditions of supply:
By prescription.

CERTIFICATES

KEEP IN TOUCH

Kusum Healthcare Pvt Ltd

Regd. Office: D-158A, Okhla Industrial Area

Phase-1, New Delhi-110020, India

Tel: 011-41005147, 40514919

Fax: +91-11-40527575

Email: kusumhealth@kusumhealthcare.com

CIN: U65929DL1997PTC085780