Ukraine Product

Quanil Tablets

Quanil Tablets

Why you have been prescribed this medicine?

You have been prescribed this medicine if you have any of the following:
Treatment and prevention of fungal diseases of scalp which are accompanied by flaking and itching, such as:
– dandruff;
– seborrheic dermatitis;
– localized tinea versicolor of scalp.

When you should consult your doctor?

You should consult your doctor if you experience any of the following:


Skin and subcutaneous tissue:
Erythema, burning sensation of the skin, itching, acne, contact dermatitis, skin irritation, rash, pustular rash at the application site, urticaria, xerosis, skin flaking enchancement, sense of discomfort, hypersensitivity.

Appendages of skin:
Folliculitis, hair restructuring, excessive hair dryness or oiliness, hair loss (baldness), change in hair color (generally in patients with chemically damaged or gray hair), nail discoloration. There are known cases of straightening of naturally curly hair.

Nervous system and sense organs:
Eye irritation, eyelid edema, excessive tearing, taste perversion (dysgeusia), paresthesia, hypersensitivity.

Immune system:
Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylactoid reactions.

WHAT TO DO IF YOU MISS A DOSE?

If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to. Otherwise take it as soon as you remember and then go back to taking it as you would normally.

Things you MUST NOT DO while on this medicine?

When assigning Dermazole Plus to patients who were treated with locally applied glucocorticoids for a long time, the treatment should be continued and cancelled gradually during 2-3 weeks (to avoid withdrawal syndrome).
Taking into account absence of significant systemic absorption a drug interaction with other drugs is unlikely.

What to do if you accidentally take too much (overdose) of the medicine?

As the shampoo is for external use only, and ketoconazole is almost unabsorbed into systemic blood flow, the development of overdose symptoms is unlikely.
In case of accidental ingestion of shampoo only supportive and symptomatic measures are used. Do not induce vomiting and perform gastric lavage to prevent aspiration.

Is it safe in pregnancy and breast-feeding?

Tell your doctor immediately if you become pregnant while taking this medication.
For safety of any drug during pregnancy or breastfeeding – please consult your doctor.

Storage Conditions:

Store at the temperature not more than 25°C in a place protected from sunlight. Keep it out of reach of children.

Drug Description

COMPOSITION:

Active substance:
Levofloxacin;

tablet contains of Levofloxacin hemihydrate equivalent to Levofloxacin 500 mg and 750 mg;

Additional ingredients:
Povidon K29/32, microcrystalline cellulose, crospovidon, magnesium stearate, colloidal anhydrous silica, Opadry 03B84681 pink coating.

Indications and dosage.

INDICATIONS:
Acute sinusitis, exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, pneumonia, complicated and non-complicated urinary tract infection (including pyelonephritis), chronic bacterial prostatitis, infections of skin and soft tissues, septicemia/bacteriemia, intraabdominal infections.

DOSAGE:
Tigeron tablets are used 1 – 2 times per day. Dose depends on type and severity of infection. Treatment duration depends on clinical course and it is not more than 14 days. It is recommended to prolong the treatment at least during 48 – 72 hours after normalization of body temperature or microbiologically proven causative agent elimination.
Tigeron tablets should be swallowed without chewing with enough water. For easy dosage a tablet can be broken using break line. They can be taken both with meal and at any other time.
Recommended doses for adult patients with normal kidney function with creatinin clearance more than 50 ml/min


Indications

Daily dose

Number of uses per day

Treatment duration

Acute sinusitis

500 mg

1 time

10 – 14 days

Exacerbation of chronic bronchitis

250 – 500 mg*

1 time

7-10 days

Outhospital pneumonia

500-1000 mg

1-2 times

7-14 days

Non-complicated urinary tract infection

200 mg

1 time

3 days

Prostatitis

500 mg

1 time

28 days

Complicated urinary tract infection, including pyelonephritis

200 mg

1 time

7-10 days

Infections of skin and soft tissues

500-1000 mg

1-2 times

7-14 days


Septicemia/bacteriemia

500-1000 mg

1-2 times

10-14 days

Intraabdominal infections*

500 mg

1 time

7-14 days


* In combination with antibiotics with an action on anaerobic causative agent. Dosage for patients with kidney function disorders and creatinine clearance less than 50 ml/min:



Creatinine clearance

Dosage regimen (in accordance with infection severity)

50-20 ml/min

initial dose: 250 mg
next doses: 125 mg/24 h

initial dose: 500 mg
next doses: 250 mg/24 h

initial dose: 500 mg
next doses: 250 mg/12 h

19-10 ml/min

initial dose: 250 mg
next doses: 125 mg/48 h

initial dose: 500 mg
next doses: 125 mg/24 h

initial dose: 500 mg
next doses: 125 mg/12 h

<10 ml/min (also in hemodialysis and CAPD¹)

initial dose: 250 mg
next doses: 125 mg/48 h

initial dose: 500 mg
next doses: 125 mg/24 h

initial dose: 500 mg
next doses: 125 mg/24 h


After hemodialysis or chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) additional doses are not required.
Dosage for patients with liver function disorders: Dosage adjustment is not necessary because Levofloxacin is insignificantly metabolised in liver. Dosage for elderly patients: If there is no kidney function disorders it is not necessary dose adjustment.


Side effects and drug interactions.

ADVERSE REACTIONS:

Skin and general reactions of hypersensitivity:
in rare cases – itch, skin redness; rare – general reactions of hypersensitivity (anaphylactic and anaphylactoid) with such symptoms as urticaria, bronchus spasms and possible severe asphyxia, very rare – skin and mucous membrane oedema (for example, oedema of face skin and pharynx tunica mucosa); sudden blood pressure decrease and shock; QT-interval lengthening, hypersensitivity to sunlight and UV-light; in single cases – acute skin and mucous membrane rash with wheals formation such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis (Lyell's syndrome) and erythema multiforme. More easy skin reactions can precede general reactions of hypersensitivity. These reactions may occur after the first dose and within several minutes or hours after usage.

Gastro-intestinal tract:
often – nausea, diarrhoea; in single cases – loss of appetite, vomiting, abdominal pain, indigestion; rare – blood diarrhoea, which sometimes can be with signs of intestine inflammation, including pseudomembranous colitis; very rare – decreasing of blood sugar content (hypoglycemia), which probably has a special importance for insular diabetes patients. Symptoms of hypoglycemia may be limosis, nervousness, perspiration, limb tremor.
As for other quinolones it is known that they can cause porphyria attack in patients with porphyria. It may concern Tigeron too.
Central nervous system:
In single cases – headache, dizziness/stupor, somnolence, sleep disturbance; rare – disagreeable feeling, for example, hand paraesthesia, tremor, anxiety, apprehensiveness, fits and mental confusion; very rare – disturbance of vision and hearing, disturbance of taste and nose, decreased sense of touch, and psychotic reactions such as hallucination and depressive shifts of mood, psychotic reactions with dangerous behavior for one's own self, including suicidal idea and action. Movement processes disturbance, also during walking.

Cardiovascular system:
rare – tachycardia, blood pressure reduction; very rare – collapse similar to shock.

Muscular-skeletal system:
Rare – tendon lesion, including its inflammation, pain in joint and muscle; very rare – tendon tear (for example, Achilles tendon rupture). This side effect can appear within 48 hours from the treatment start and can affect Achilles tendons of both legs. It is possible muscle weakness, which may have a special importance for patients with severe miastenia; in single cases – musculature affection (rabdomyolisis).

Liver:
Often – increased liver enzymes indexes (ALT, AST); in some cases – increased indexes of bilirubin and creatinine of blood serum; very rare – liver reactions such as liver inflammation.

Kidney:
Kidney function impairment up to acute kidney insufficiency, for example, due to allergic reactions (interstitial nephritis).
Blood system:
In some cases – increase of definite blood cells quantity (eosinophilia), decrease of leukocyte quantity (leukocytopenia); rare – decrease of quantity of definite leukocyte (neutropenia), decrease of thrombocyte quantity (thrombocytopenia), which can cause high inclination toward haemorrhage and bleeding; very rare – rather significant decreasing of quantity of definite leukocyte (agranulocytosis), which can lead to severe disease symptoms (long-term or recurrent fever, pharyngitis, expressed disease state); in single cases – decrease of erythrocyte quantity due to its destruction (hemolytic anemia), reduced quantity of all types of blood cells (pancytopenia).

Other:
In rare cases – general weakness (asthenia); very rare – fever, allergic reactions of pulmones (allergic pneumonia) or small blood vessel (vasculitis).
Usage of any antibacterial drugs can cause disorders associated with their influence on normal microflora of human organism. As a result of this secondary infection can be developed that will require additional treatment.

Drug interactions:
Levofloxacin absorption is significantly decreases in concurrent usage with antacids, which contain magnesium and aluminium, and with drugs, which contain iron salt. Recommended time period between usages of Tigeron and mentioned above drugs should be not less than 2 hours. Bioavailability of Tigeron tablets is significantly decreased As far as during clinical trials it was not approved interaction of Levofloxacin and theophylline it was possible a significant decreasing of spastic threshold in concurrent usage of quinolones with theophylline, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and other agents, which reduce spastic threshold. Levofloxacin concentration in presence of fenbufen was approximately 13% upper than those one during Levofloxacin usage only. Probenecid and cimetidine statistically reliably influence on Levofloxacin excretion. Kidney clearance of Levofloxacin is decreased in presence of probenecid by 34%, but in presence of cimetidine – by 24%. Due to this both drugs can block tubular excretion of Levofloxacin. Half-life period of cyclosporine is enlarged by 33% in concurrent usage with Levofloxacin.
In concurrent usage with antagonists of K vitamin, for example warfarin, coagulation tests (PT / international normalizing ratio) and/or bleeding, which may be severe, are increased. In consideration to this in patients, who concurrently take antagonists of K vitamin, coagulation indexes should be controlled. It is not recommended Levofloxacin concomitant usage with alcohol.

Warnings and precautions

Pregnancy and lactation:
Tigeron can not be used during pregnancy and lactation because of absence of studies on human and possible articular cartilage lesion by quinolones in growing organism.

If during Tigeron treatment pregnancy is determined a doctor should be informed about it.
Children:
The preparation is not used in children and adolescences less than 18 years old because of possible articular cartilage lesion.

Overdosage and Contraindications

Overdose:
Symptoms: mental confusion, dizziness, impairment of consciousness and convulsive attacks, nausea, tunica mucous erosion, QT-interval lengthening.

Treatment:
The therapy is symptomatic. In cases of overdose it is necessary to examine properly a patient, including ECG. In cases of evident overdose gastric lavage is administered. Antacids are used for mucous coat of stomach protection.
Hemodialysis, including peritoneal dialysis or CAPD, is non-effective for Levofloxacin excretion from the organism. There are no any specific antidotes.

Influence on velocity reactions while driving motor transport and operating other mechanisms:
Patients, who drive motor transport, operate other machines and mechanisms, should take into account possible unsuspected effects of central nervous system (dizziness, somnolence, mental confusion, visual and hearing impairment, movement disturbance during walking, also while walking).

Clinical pharmacology.

PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES:

Pharmacodynamics:
Levofloxacin has a wide spectrum of antibacterial action. Bactericidal effect is provided due to inhibition of bacterial enzyme of DNK-gyrase, which is of topoisomerase type II, by Levofloxacin. The result of this inhibition is impossibility of bacterial DNK transfer from "relaxation" condition to "over involuted condition" that, by-turn, render further bacterial cells division (fissiparity) impossible. Activity spectrum of Levofloxacin includes gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, including non-fermentative bacteria. Following microorganisms are sensitive to the preparation:

- gram-positive aerobes:
Staphylococcus aureus methi-S, Staphylococcus haemolyticus methi-S, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Streptococci group C, G, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus pneumoniae peni – i/S/R, Streptococcus pyogenes;

- gram-negative aerobes:
Acinetobacter baumannii, Citrobacter freundii, Eikenella corrodens, Enterobacter agglomerans, Enterobacter cloacae, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae ampi-S/R, Haemophilus para-influenzae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis +/-, Morganella morganii, Pasteurella multocida, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Providencia rettgeri, Providencia stuartii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens;

- anaerobes:
Bacteroides fragilis, Clostridium perfringens, Peptostreptococcus;

- others:
Chlamydia pneumoniae, Chlamydia psittaci, Legionella pneumophila, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Ureaplasma, H.pylori.

Inconstantly sensitive to the preparation action:

- gram-positive aerobes :
Staphylococcus haemolyticus methi-R;

- gram-negative aerobes:
Burkholderia cepacia;
- anaerobes – Bacteroides ovatus, Bacteroides thetaiotamicron, Bacteroides vulgaris, Clostridium difficile.

Resistant to the preparation action:

gram-positive aerobes:
Staphylococcus aureus methi-R. Like another fluoroquinolones Levofloxacin is non-active about spirochete.

Pharmacokinetics:
Absorption:
In per oral use Levofloxacin is quickly and nearly fully absorbed with plasma concentration peak, which is observed in 1 hour after intake. Absolute bioavailability is nearly 100%. Levofloxacin is liable to liner pharmacokinetics in diapason from 50 to 600 mg. Meal has some influence on its absorption.
Distribution:
Approximately 30-40% of Levofloxacin binds with serum protein. Cumulative effect of Levofloxacin in dosage of 500 mg 1 time per day does not have clinical meaning and can be neglected. There is an insignificant but foreseen its cumulation in dosage of 500 mg 2 times per day. Stable distribution indexes are reached within 3 days. Distribution in tissues and liquids of organism:
Distribution in bronchial mucosa and liquid secretion from bronchial epithelium: Maximal concentration of Levofloxacin in bronchial mucosa and liquid secretion from bronchial epithelium in dose more than 500 mg per os was 8.3 and 10.8 mg/ml, correspondingly.

Distribution in lungs tissue:
Maximal concentration of Levofloxacin in lungs tissue in dose more than 500 mg per os was 11.3 mg/ml and was reached within 4 – 6 hours after use. Concentration in lungs constantly exceeded those one in plasma.

Distribution in bladder fluid:
Maximal concentration of Levofloxacin in bladder fluid after intake of 500 mf 1 – 2 times per day was 4 and 6.7 mg/ml, correspondingly.

Distribution in cerebrospinal fluid:
Levofloxacin is poorly penetrates into cerebrospinal fluid.

Concentration in urine:
Average Levofloxacin concentration during 8 – 12 hours after 150 mg, 300 mg or 500 mg single dose per os was 44 mg/ml, 91 mg/ml and 200 mg/ml, correspondingly.

Metabolism: Levofloxacin is insignificanly metabolised, its metabolites are desmethyl-levofloxacin and N-oxide Levofloxacin. These metabolites are less than 5% of the preparation, which is excreted with urine.

Excretion:
After per oral use Levofloxacin is rather slowly excreted from plasma (half-life period is 6-8 h). It is excreted mainly through kidney (more than 85% of injected dose). There is no difference between pharmacokinetics of Levofloxacin in intravenous and per oral administration.

PHARMACEUTICAL CHARACTERISTICS:
General physic-chemical properties:
film coated capsule-shaped pink tablets with etching "500" or "750" on one side.

Shelf-life:
3 years.

Storage:
Store in a dry, protected from light place at a temperature not more than 25°C.
Keep it out of reach of children.

Package:
or 10 tablets are in a blister; 1 blister is in a carton box.

Conditions of supply:
By prescription.

CERTIFICATES

KEEP IN TOUCH

Kusum Healthcare
D-158A, OKHLA,INDUSTRIAL AREA,
PHASE-I, NEW DELHI,
Pin 110020
INDIA
Tel: 011-41005147, 011-40514919
Fax: +91-11-40527575